Affirmative conclusion from a negative premise
Incorrect application of a syllogism by deriving an affirmative (positive) conclusion from a negative premise.
For example Open in Syllogism-Finder App:
All squares are rectangles.
No circles are squares.
Therefore, All circles are rectangles.
One fundamental rule for all syllogistic and similar inferences is that if one of the premises is a negative, the conclusion can only also be a negative statement. There are no valid syllogism forms that contradict this rule. Trying to construct one is a formal fallacy.
Furthermore, if both premises are negative, no conclusion can be inferred at all (Fallacy of exclusive premises).
- Fallacy of exclusive premises – when both premisses are negative.
- Negative conclusion from affirmative premises – Reversal of this form of fallacy.
- Syllogism – underlying form of inference.
- Affirmative conclusion from a negative premise on Wikipedia
- Affirmative Conclusion from a Negative Premise on Logically Fallacious