User Tools

Synonym

Two or more different terms which have identical or at least very similar meanings (extensions).

Examples of synonyms:

  • House: home, building, residence, dynasty, parliament chamber …
  • Horse: steed, stallion, mare, foal, current, sand bank, rock layer …
  • Dog: hound, puppy, mongrel, bitch, clamp, person, villain, …

Origin of the name

The term “synonym” is derived from the Greek synónymos [συνώνυμος], which is usually translated as “having the same name”. Specifically in this context, however, a translation such as “to be named the same” might be more fitting.

Description

Synonyms are quasi the counterparts to equivocations: whereas the latter are terms that have several different extensions, these are different terms which denote identical or at least very similar things.

There are various subtypes of synonyms, depending on how exact they match in meaning. These range from the strictest form where there is an exact synonym (e.g. “cattle” = “cow”) to superordinate or subordinate terms (“horse” “stallion”, “house” “building”) which are only partially synonymous or only synonymous under certain circumstances.

A synonym can also only refer to specific meanings of the other term (e.g. “house” “building” / “house” = “dynasty”). It follows that the synonyms of a term are not necessarily synonymous with each other (“building” ≠ “dynasty”).

Intension

Even if synonyms refer to the same extension in one way or another, they usually have different intensions, i.e. they convey different implications. For example, terms such as “mutt” or “hack” are synonyms of “dog” or “horse”, respectively, but carry specific pejorative connotations.

See also

More information

About this site

Ad Hominem Info is a project to explain and categorize the most common systematic fallacies and fallacies. On this page, you will find a background article that briefly explains an important rhetoric concept, which may be needed to better understand another article in this area.
For more information, please see the main category “rhetoric

This website uses cookies. By using the website, you agree with storing cookies on your computer. Also, you acknowledge that you have read and understand our Privacy Policy. If you do not agree, please leave the website.

More information