User Tools


A term borrowed from Zen Buddhism that can be used as an avoiding answer on yes–no questions to avoid a possible false dilemma, e.g. when it is based on false premisses.

Semantically it is comparable to answering “neither is true”, as in:

Do you have a sister or a brother?


The Japanese word “mu” (Kanji: , Hiragana: ) describes the absence of something. It may be translated as “nothing” or “without”. It is also a central concept in the philosophy of Zen where it is used to show the limitations of a dualist world-view.

As a logical concept, it was made popular in the Western world by Douglas Hofstadter’s book “Gödel, Escher, Bach”.

See also

More Information

This website uses cookies. By using the website, you agree with storing cookies on your computer. Also, you acknowledge that you have read and understand our Privacy Policy. If you do not agree, please leave the website.

More information